Orthopedics is a branch of medicine focused on injuries to the musculoskeletal system, including spine and joint injuries or deformities. There are multiple branches of orthopedics, including orthopedic surgeons, rheumatologists, physical therapists, orthopedic pediatricians. They work in small, specialized practices, in larger, less specialized practices, or in hospitals.
Orthopedic doctors treat broken bones, joint problems, like arthritis, and degenerative conditions, like osteoporosis. They also treat sports injuries, infections, congenital conditions, and tumors in the bones. The work depends on what specialty a doctor chooses, or by where they choose to practice medicine.
The most common reason that people go see an orthopedic doctor for is treatment of a broken bone. Orthopedic doctors also see a lot of patients for arthritis treatment and management, and for carpal tunnel or rotator cuff injuries. The also routinely perform arthroscopies, a minimally invasive procedure that explores hip, shoulder, or knee damage. Minor joint problems can be corrected during an arthroscopy, but more serious condition may require further surgery.